Derrida, Jacques

(1930- )
   philosopher
   Jacques Derrida, a leading contemporary French philosopher whose writings form the basis for the deconstructionist school, was born in El Biar, Algeria, and educated in Paris at the École normale supérieure, where he later taught. He was also a professor at the sorbonne and began his writings with essays on the Greeks, Hegelian phenomenology, and antimetaphysics. He questioned the primacy of the word, or "logo-centrism," as the common foundation of religion and metaphysics, and centered his work on a critique of "signs." Der-rida first put forth this philosophy in L'Écriture et la différence (1967), in La Voix et le phénomène (1967), and in De la Grammatologie (1967). His writings are also concerned with the human sciences (notably the fundamentals of linguistics and textology) and, after La Dissémination (1972), Marges de la philosophie (1972), and Glas (1974), which illustrate his theories on the author and the graphical juxtaposition of critical and literary texts apropos of G. W. F. Hegel and jean genet, he continued to write pro-lifically and to break with the classical modes of philosophic exposition (La Carte postale: De Socrate à Freud et au-delà, 1980; Droit de regard, a work of photographs with the Belgian photographer Marie-Françoise Plissart, 1985). His detractors have accused Derrida of seeking to destroy reason, but his critical interpretation at all times seeks to achieve a synthesis among psychoanalysis (Résistances, 1996), Marxism (Spectres de Marx, 1993), and the ideas of Martin Heidegger (Heidegger et la question, 1990; Apories, 1996). Derrida's other writings include Schibboleth (1986), Antonin Artaud (1986), Parages (1986), and Signéponge (1988).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • DERRIDA, JACQUES — (1930–2004), French philosopher and literary critic. Derrida was born and raised in El Biar, near Algiers. In 1942, he was expelled from school as result of antisemitic measures. In 1949 he moved to France and beginning in 1952 he studied at the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Derrida, Jacques — born July 15, 1930, El Biar, Alg. died Oct. 8, 2004, Paris, France Algerian born French philosopher. Derrida taught principally at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris (1964–84). His critique of Western philosophy encompasses literature,… …   Universalium

  • Derrida, Jacques — (1930 2004)    A French philosopher of Jewish descent well known for his philosophy of Derrida came to prominence deconstruction , in 1966, when he delivered a paper that advocated a deconstruction of the structuralist movement. Derrida then… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Derrida, Jacques — (1930– ) French postmodernist and leader of the deconstructionist movement. Born in Algeria, Derrida was a philosophy teacher for more than twenty years at the École Normale Supérieure. The notion of deconstruction was first presented in the… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Derrida, Jacques — (b. 1930)    French philosopher. Derrida was born in Algiers, but educated in Paris. He has taught at the école Normale Supérieure and the école des Hautes études en Sciences Sociales as well as at Yale, Cornell and the University of California.… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Derrida, Jacques — See Deconstruction and Derrida …   History of philosophy

  • Derrida,Jacques — Der·ri·da (dĕrʹĭ dä , dĕʹrē ), Jacques. Born 1930. Algerian born French philosopher who developed the theory of deconstruction. His widely influential works include Speech and Phenomena, Writing and Difference, and Of Grammatology, all published… …   Universalium

  • Derrida, Jacques — (1930 2004)    French philosopher. Born in Algiers, he taught at the Ecole Normale Superieure and later at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales. His works include Speech and Phenomena, Writing and Difference, Margins of Philosophy,… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Derrida, Jacques — (15 jul. 1930, El Biar, Argelia–9 oct. 2004, París, Francia). Filósofo francés nacido en Argelia. Enseñó principalmente en la École Normale Supérieure de París (1965–84). Su crítica de la filosofía occidental se extiende a la literatura, la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Derrida, Jacques — (1930 2004)    refer to the entries on becoming + cinema , nonbeing and virtual/virtuality …   The Deleuze dictionary

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